Anemone quinquefolia, the Wood Anemone
See Go Botany for more about Wood Anemone
This small rhizomatous herb is part of the Appalachian Deciduous Forest flora and described as a part of the vernal flora of the most diverse, Mixed Mesophytic Forest by Lucy Braun (1950, Deciduous Forests of North America). In Nova Scotia, it is rare (S2, Sensitive) and restricted to hardwood river floodplains and classed as a FACW (but see gobotany link), however in its main range it is most often in mountainous, rich upland forest (Radford, Ahles and Bell, 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas). These southern woodland plants become floodplain plants at the north of their ranges because only these soils are rich enough in calcium to support them (Hill and Garbary, 2011. Botany 89: 635). The plants are further restricted in Nova Scotia because floodplains were cut, dyked, or converted to agriculture or housing.